Think of foundational outcomes as your course description. When I get asked what I teach, one answer is simply to give out the foundational learning outcomes of the course. Foundational learning outcomes are what students will learn.
A carefully selected subset of the total list of the grade‐specific and course‐specific outcomes within each content area that students must know and be able to do in order to be prepared to enter the next grade level, course, or the next level of learning. (Ainsworth, Rigorous Curriculum Design, 2010)
A majority of time will be spent on foundational learning outcomes as well as time and support for students who haven't mastered them and provide extensions for those who have. Use data from these outcomes to help guide instruction.
Here is a process to help you determine which learning outcomes are foundational.
I am working with standards, which we call learning outcomes, that mainly originate from Common Core. When I get together with the other math teachers and discuss how they align these standards to different problems, there is often a discrepancy.
Many learning outcomes address proficiency in specific skills in order to demonstrate proficiency at the outcome and eventually competency level, but these skills are not explicitly stated in the learning outcome statement.
Consider the following problem,
Describe the solutions to cx^2+Ax+B=0
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